An Environmental Statement (ES) is the summary of an Environmental Impact Assessment’s (EIA) findings. Rather confusingly, the terms EIA and ES are used interchangeably but perhaps can be better understood if the EIA is seen as the process and the ES as the conclusions.
An ES usually includes:
- A description of the development, including in particular:
- A description of the physical characteristics of the whole development and the temporary and permanent land use requirements during the construction and operational phases;
- A description of the main characteristics of the construction methods, for instance, nature and quantity of the materials used;
- An estimate, by type and quantity, of expected residues and emissions (water, air and soil pollution, noise, vibration, light, heat, radiation, etc.) resulting from the operation of the proposed development;
- An outline of the main alternatives considered and an indication of the main reasons for their choice, taking into account the environmental effects;
- A description of the aspects of the environment likely to be significantly affected by the development, including, in particular, population, fauna, flora, soil, water, air, climatic factors, material assets, including the architectural and archaeological heritage, landscape and the interrelationship between the above factors;
- A description of the likely significant effects of the development on the environment, which should cover the direct effects and any indirect, secondary, cumulative, short, medium and long-term, permanent and temporary, positive and negative effects of the development, resulting from:
- the existence of the development;
- the use of natural resources;
- the emission of pollutants, the creation of nuisances and the elimination of waste, and the description by the applicant of the forecasting methods used to assess the effects on the environment;
For further information and advice please contact a member of the Frankham Environmental Sustainability Team.